Language

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Dialects

Banatiski Gurbet Romani

Gurbet Romani belongs to the Vlax dialect group, more specifically the Southern Vlax group. Gurbet-type varieties are mostly spoken in the southwest of the Balkans (The Republic of Serbia and Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia, Albania). Banatiski Gurbet Romani is spoken in Vojvodina (The Republic of Serbia and Montenegro).

Bugurdži Romani

Bugurdži Romani belongs to the Balkan dialect group, more specifically the Northern Balkan group, sometimes also referred to as Drindari-Kalajdži-Bugurdži group. Bugurdži Romani is mainly spoken in Macedonia and Kosovo. Names also used to refer to this dialect are: Rabadži, Arabadži, and Kovač(k)i.

Burgenland Romani

Burgenland Romani belongs to the Central group, more specifically to the Southern Central dialect group. Together with the Vend dialect of south-western Hungary and the Romani dialect spoken in northern Slovenia (Prekmurje) it constitutes the Vend branch of the Southern Central dialects. It is spoken in Burgenland, the easternmost province of Austria. Burgenland Roma refer to their Romani variety as Roman.

Crimean Romani

Crimean Romani belongs to the Balkan group, more specifically the Southern Balkan group. Nowadays Crimean Romani is mainly spoken in Kuban' and Georgia.

Dolenjski Romani

Dolenjski Romani is an isolated Romani dialect originating from Croatia, which today is spoken in Slovenia and Italy. There is no documentation of the dialect from Croatia itself, however. Speakers of this dialect in Slovenia refer to themselves as Dolenjski Roma, derived from the region where they live (the lower province of central Slovenia). A subgroup of speakers in Italy call themselves Hravati/Havati. Their dialect has also been referred to as Istrian Romani.

East Slovak Romani

East Slovak Romani belongs to the Central group, more specifically the Northen Central group. East Slovak Romani is the most dominant Romani variety spoken in the Czech Republic (due to massive immigration of eastern Slovak Roma to Bohemia in the late 1940s to early 1950s). It is also the variety used most widely in text production in the Czech Republic. East Slovak Romani is sometimes also referred to as Romungro Romani. There is a clear differentiation between Romungro dialects, which belong to the Southern Central dialect group and East Slovak Romani, which belongs to the Northern Central dialect group. East Slovak Romani is sometimes also referred to as Servika Romani.

Finnish Romani

Finnish Romani belongs to the Northwestern dialect group. Finnish Romani has only a small number of speakers. It is mainly spoken in Finland. The Swedish element in the language makes clear that the Finnish Rom or Kaale migrated via Sweden.

Gurbet Romani

Gurbet Romani belongs to the Vlax dialect group, more specifically the Southern Vlax group. Gurbet-type varieties are mostly spoken in the southwest of the Balkans (The Republic of Serbia and Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia, Albania). Names also used to refer to this dialect are Džambazi (mostly for Gurbet varieties in Macedonia) and Das.

Gurvari Romani

Gurvari Romani belongs to the Central dialect group, more specifically to the Southern Central dialect group. It has absorbed many Vlax influences and can thus be regarded as a transitional variety. It is spoken in Hungary.

Hungarian Vend Romani

Hungarian Vend Romani belongs to the Central dialect group, more specifically to the Southern Central group. Together with Burgenland Romani and the Romani variety spoken in northern Slovenia (Prekmurje) it constitutes the Vend branch of the Southern Central dialects. It is spoken in south-western Hungary.

Kalderaš Romani

Kalderaš Romani belongs to the Vlax group, more specifically to the Northern Vlax group. Alongside Ursari, Kalderaš Romani is the most widely spoken Romani dialect in Romania. There are also many Kalderaš speakers outside of Romania in many different countries of the world. Kalderaš Romani is very well documented.

Kosovo Arli Romani

Arli Romani varieties belong to the Balkan group, more specifically the Southern Balkan group. The Arli Romani varieties cluster is rather complex and data on individual varieties spoken in different regions is yet sparse. Arli varieties are spoken in the southern part of the Republic of Serbia and Montenegro, in Kosovo, in Macedonia, and in the northern part of Greece.

Latvian Romani

Latvian Romani belongs to the Northeastern dialect group. It is spoken by a small population in Lithuania and Latvia. Names also used to refer to this dialect are: Čuxny dialect or Lotfiko/Loftiko.

Lithuanian Romani

Lithuanian Romani belongs to the Northeastern dialect group. Historically Lithuanian Romani was spoken on the territory of present-day Lithuania. Today the dialect is spoken by a relatively small population of speakers living in Lithuania and in Baltic Russia, and recent asylum seeking migrants from Lithuania to Western Europe. Documentation of this dialect is yet sparse.

Lovara Romani

Lovara Romani belongs to the Vlax group, more specifically to the Northern Vlax group. It was formed in Transylvania in contact with Hungarian and is now the main Romani variety spoken in Hungary. Lovara groups also live in Austria, Germany, Poland, former Yugoslavia (Vojvodina) and Scandinavia.

Macedonian Arli Romani

Arli Romani varieties belong to the Balkan group, more specifically the Southern Balkan group. The Arli Romani varieties cluster is rather complex and data on individual varieties spoken in different regions is yet sparse. Arli varieties are spoken in the southern part of the Republic of Serbia and Montenegro, in Kosovo, in Macedonia, and in the northern part of Greece.

Macedonian Džambazi Romani

Macedonian Džambazi Romani belongs to the Vlax dialect group, more specifically the Southern Vlax group. It is a Gurbet-type variety.

North Russian Romani

North Russian Romani belongs to the Northeastern dialect group. Varieties of North Russian Romani are spoken in the Baltic-North Russian-Poland area. Another name often used to refer to North Russian Romani varieties is Xaladitka.

Romungro Romani

Romungro Romani belongs to the Central dialect group, more specifically to the Southern Central group. Romungro dialects constitute the eastern group of the Southern Central dialects. In Hungary itself, Romungro is only spoken by a small number of speakers. Romungro varieties are mainly spoken in Slovakia.

Sepečides Romani

Sepečides Romani belongs to the Balkan group, more specifically to the Southern Balkan group. It is the dialect of the basket-weavers of northern Greece (Volos) and Turkey (Izmir).

Sinte Romani

Sinte Romani belongs to the Northwestern dialect group. The label Sinte Romani refers to a cluster of Romani varieties that can be described as the Sinte-Manuš varieties of Romani. Sinte is the self-designation of a large Roma population that came to German speaking territory early on in the dispersion of Romani dialects. Manuš, as well as Kale, seem to be the older terms of self-designation used by this Roma population. Nowadays the term Sinte is used widely among groups in Germany, Austria, The Netherlands, Hungary, Bohemia, Slovakia, Italy and Russia. Speakers of these varieties in France refer to themselves as Manuš. Speakers of Sinte-Manuš varieties refer to their language as Rómanes or Sintitikes.

Sofia Erli Romani

Sofia Erli Romani belongs to the Balkan group, more specifically to the Southern Balkan group. It is spoken in Sofia, Bulgaria. This dialect is very well documented through a collection of fairy tales, dating back until the beginning of the 20th century.

Sremski Gurbet Romani

Gurbet Romani belongs to the Vlax dialect group, more specifically the Southern Vlax group. Gurbet-type varieties are mostly spoken in the southwest of the Balkans (The Republic of Serbia and Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia, Albania). Sremski Gurbet Romani is spoken in Vojvodina (The Republic of Serbia and Montenegro).

Ursari Romani

Ursari Romani belongs to the Balkan group, more specifically the Southern Balkan group. Alongside Kalderaš Romani, Ursari Romani is the most widely spoken Romani dialect in Romania.

Welsh Romani

Welsh Romani belongs to the British branch of Romani, which is now considered extinct. Another name used to refer to the Welsh dialect is Kååle. Welsh Romani was still spoken by a number of families until the second half of the twentieth century.

Easy Rromani

Wanna learn Rromani fast? Wanna date a Rromani girl? Wanna know what Rroma people say about you in their language? Here is your eclusive chance to get to know all! Check out our lessons we upload here week by week. You'll be able to say 10 sentences after each lesson. Of course you can get out more if you want to.

Lesson #1


Useful Words and Phrases

People's Names

Romani English
O rom man
E rom / e roma men
I romni woman / wife
E romnya women / wives
O romanipe Gypsyhood, Roma culture, the value system, Romani identity
O ćhavo unmarried Roma boy
O ćhavorro very young boy
I ćhej unmarried Roma girl
I ćhejorri very young girl
I dej / daj mother
O nano / kako uncle
O źamutro son-in-law
I bóri daughter-in-law
I kumpania traveling group (often several related families)
O bulibaśa, o vajda a traditional local leader
O rom baro big man (chief of tribe)
O raj baro great lords (referring to gadźe judges)
O gadźo a non-Roma male
I gadźi a non-Roma female
E gadźe more non-Roma
O raklo non-Roma boy
I rakli / raklyi non-Roma girl


Everyday Life

Romani English
marhime unclean
uźo pure
I baxt luck
Baxtalo rom a lucky Romani male
Baxtali romnyi a lucky Romani female
I zór strength
báro great / big
me I
tu you
vov he
voj she
amen / ame we
tumen / tume you
von they
phralipe brotherhood
I ćoxanyi witch
O Del / Devel God
O beng Evil, the Devil
kaj where
so what
kana when
kon who
soske why
beś sit
bi / bizo without
maj before
jekh, duj, trin, śtar, pandź, śov, jefta, oxto, enya, deś one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten
I mahala Romani neighborhood, quarter
O śingalo policeman
E śingale policemen
E manuśa people
O vurdon wagon (the type they live in)
I taliga two-wheeled light cart
I vurma trail left by others
I cerha tent
O zen saddle
I morći leather
O dikhlo trad. kerchief worn around the neck
Simadyi family heirloom
sasto fit, healthy, entire
armaja curse
ćorro poor and bad
bilaćho, nasul not good, bad
O bal hair
I jakh eye
O kan ear
O nakh nose
O muj mouth
I ćhib tongue / language
O dand tooth
O lon salt
sir garlic
O mas meat
Guglo, gugli sweet
I bokoli thick pancake with chunks of meat inside
I rakia / ratyia Brandy
O dudum gourd
E love money
phuri old female
phuro old male
phure old plural
nevo new
I balval wind
O Kham Sun
O Pani / paji water
Me piav pani I drink water
Naśtik / naśtig / naśti cannot
ći do not
bater may it be so; also equal to Amen
O rikono dog
O sap snake
O grast horse
O petalo horseshoe
O bov oven
O mom wax
I posotyi pocket
I dunha eiderdown
I_śeranda goosedown pillows
I paguba harm
Anda’l thema the lands beyond
Truśalo ódyi a thirsty soul


For Special Occasions

Romani English
O svato a rambling chronicle story (legends etc.)
Darane svatura magical and superstitious stories
Paramića fairy tale
Patyivali dyíli songs of respect
Brigaki / Mesalyaki dyíli songs of sorrow
I patyiv celebrations held when two groups join up. They are done to remind of, and ensure long lasting friendships, relationships, kinships.
I pomana feast for the dead
Mule Ancestor Spirits


Romani Kris

Romani Kris
A sample of a Romani Kris from Norway


Some Useful Questions

Romani English
Kon san? Who are you?
Kasko san? Whose are you? (Whose son are you?)
Kaj beśes? Where do you live?
Si tu romnyi? Do you have a wife?
Si tu rom? Do you have a husband?
Si tu ćháve? Do you have children?
So kames mandar? What do you want from me?
Će vica san? What clan are you?
Karing dźas? Where are you going?
Sode berśengo san? How old are you?
Sar buśos? What’s your name?
Khatar san? Where are you from?
Savi butyi si tu? What is your job?


Greetings

Romani English
T’aves baxtalo! May you be lucky!
T’aves vi tu! May you be too!
Laćho tyiro dyes/dives! Have a good day!
Baxtali detehara! Lucky morning (good morning)!
Laćhi ratyi! Good evening!
Najis tuke thank you
Palikerav thank you
T’aves baxtalo / ov sasto thank you
Devlesa rakhav tut I found you with God (to greet o host in his apartment, house)
O Del andas tut welcome (God brought you here)
Aćh Devlesa May you stay with God (to the host when leaving)
Dźa Devlesa Leave with God (said by the host when a guest leaves)
Baxtalo drom Lucky way/road (have a safe trip back home)
Baxtali patradyi Happy Easter
Baxtalo Krećuno Happy Christmas
Baxtalo nevo berś Happy New Year